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Main Editing contentEdit

Absolute beginners?Edit

If you can type and click, you can edit most pages on this wiki.

  1. Find a page to improve. (If you want, you can practice in the Sandbox first. It's there for "practicing", or experimenting with almost anything. It's a good place to get used to how the wiki works.)
  2. Click "Edit this page".
  3. An "edit box" will open - type your new sentences or corrections (just like MS or Lotus or WordPerfect wordprocessing)
  4. Click the "Save" button - (well, it may be wise to hit the "Preview" button first, in case of mistakes!)
  5. You're now a Web Publisher. Welcome to the team!

More detailEdit

As with all wikis, you can edit any non-protected page on this Wikia. Your changes will be visible immediately. Just click the "edit" link that appears near the top of every page.

Explain your edit in the "Summary" box between the edit window and the save and preview buttons. eg: "typo" or "added info on xyz".

Use the "Show preview" button to check your edit and get the formatting right before saving. Remember to Save page before moving on.

If you are logged in, you can mark an edit as minor by checking the This is a minor edit box to let people know your edit is not something substantive.

To try editing, open a new window and go to the Sandbox (which is an editing test area), and then click the "edit" link. Add something and click save.

FormattingEdit

Most text formatting is usually done with wiki markup, so you don't have to learn HTML.

Bold and italicsEdit

Bold and italics are added by surrounding a word or phrase with multiple apostrophes ('):

  • ''italics'' is rendered as italics. (2 apostrophes on each side)
  • '''bold''' is rendered as bold. (3 apostrophes on each side)
  • '''''bolded italics''''' is rendered as bolded italics. (2 + 3 = 5 apostrophes on each side)

Headings and subheadingsEdit

Headings and subheadings are an easy way to improve the organization of an article. If you can see two or more distinct topics being discussed, you can break up your article by inserting a heading for each section.

Headings can be created like this:

  • ==Main heading== (2 equals signs)
  • ===Subheading=== (3 equals signs)
  • ====Another level down==== (4 equals signs)
  • =====Another level down===== (5 equals signs)

If an article has at least three headings, a table of contents (TOC) will be automatically generated. Try creating some headings in the Sandbox and see the effect on the TOC.

IndentingEdit

To indent text, place a colon (:) right at the beginning of a line. The more colons you put, the further indented the text will be. A newline (pressing Enter or Return) marks the end of the indented paragraph.

For example:
This is aligned all the way to the left.

:This is indented slightly.
::This is indented more.

is shown as:
This is aligned all the way to the left.

This is indented slightly.
This is indented more.

Bullet pointsEdit

To insert a bullet, use an asterisk (*). Similar to rectal indentation, more asterisks in front of a paragraph means more indentation.

A brief example:

*First list item
*Second list item
**Sub-list item under second
*Isn't this fun?

Which is shown as:

  • First list item
  • Second list item
    • Sub-list item under second
  • Isn't this fun?

Numbered listsEdit

You can also create numbered lists. For this, use the number sign or hash symbol (#). Using more #s will affect the level of indenting.

Example:

#First item
#Second item
##Sub-item under second item
#Third item

Shows up as:

  1. First item
  2. Second item
    1. Sub-item under second item
  3. Third item

LinksEdit

Links are important on wikis to help readers navigate your site.

Internal linksEdit

You can extensively cross-reference wiki pages using internal links. You can add links to existing titles, and also to titles you think ought to exist in future.

To make a link to another page on the same wiki, just put the title in double square brackets.

For example, if you want to make a link to, say, the Main Page, it would be:

[[Main Page]]

If you want to use words other than the article title as the text of the link, you can add an alternative name by adding it after a pipe "|" divider (SHIFT + BACKSLASH on English-layout and other keyboards).

For example, if you wanted to make a link to the Main Page, but wanted it to say "home page" you would write it as such:

View the [[Main Page|home page]]...

It would appear as:

View the home page...

When you want to use the plural of an article title (or add any other suffix) for your link, you can add the extra letters directly outside the double square brackets.

For example, you would write:

Add questions to the Wikia for [[quiz]]zes.

It would appear as:

Add questions to the Wikia for quizzes. (the link will be red if this page does not yet exist)

Interwiki linksEdit

To link to another Wikia, you can use its title followed by a colon and the article name, instead of using the full URL.

For example, the Creatures Wiki home page is at Creatures:Main Page, which can be typed as

[[Creatures:Main Page]]
rather than as http://creatures.wikia.com/wiki/Main_Page

This style of link works for any wiki in the interwiki map, not just for Wikia. See the Central Wikia page at Wikia:Help:Interwiki link.

External linksEdit

If you want to link to a site outside of Wikia, you may just type the full URL for the page you want to link to.

http://www.google.com/

It is often more useful to make the link display something other than the URL, so use one square bracket at each end, with the alternative title after the full URL address, separated by a space (not a pipe). So if you want the link to appear as Google search engine, just type:

[http://www.google.com/ Google search engine]

RedirectsEdit

To redirect automatically from one page to another, type #REDIRECT and then put in brackets the name of the page to be redirected to.

For example, you could redirect from "Cats" to "Cat". That way, anyone typing either version in the search box will automatically go to "Cat".

Wiki variables and templatesEdit

Use {{SITENAME}} to see the current Wikia. For instance, {{SITENAME}} on this site prints out as aDocumenta.

That and a few other templates are common to MediaWiki sites.

Check the current list of all templates on this Wikia.

You can create templates. After you create the page Template:XXX, using the command {{XXX}} will include that content in your current page. So, if you have something that needs to be included on many other pages, you might want to use a template.

Most templates available on the Central Wikia can be used on individual wikia with just "wikia:" prefixed to the name. See the help page on Central at Wikia:Help:Shared templates.


Wikitext ExamplesEdit

Basic text formatting Edit

What it looks like What you type

You can italicize text by putting 2 apostrophes on each side.

3 apostrophes will bold the text.

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize the text.

(Using 4 apostrophes doesn't do anything special --
there are just ' left over ones' that are included as part of the text.)

You can ''italicize text'' by putting 2 
apostrophes on each side. 

3 apostrophes will bold '''the text'''. 

5 apostrophes will bold and italicize 
'''''the text'''''.

(Using 4 apostrophes doesn't do anything
special -- <br> there are just '''' left
over ones'''' that are included as part of the text.)

A single newline generally has no effect on the layout. These can be used to separate sentences within a paragraph. Some editors find that this aids editing and improves the diff function (used internally to compare different versions of a page).

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline does affect the layout (see below).

A single [[w:newline|]]
generally has no effect on the layout.
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the ''diff'' function
(used internally to compare
different versions of a page).

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.

When used in a list, a newline ''does'' 
affect the layout ([[#lists|see below]]).

You can break lines
without a new paragraph.
Please use this sparingly.

Please do not start a link or italics or bold on one line and close it on the next.

You can break lines<br>
without a new paragraph.<br>
Please use this sparingly.

Please do not start a [[link]] or 
''italics'' or '''bold''' on one line 
and close it on the next.

You should "sign" your comments on talk pages:
- Three tildes gives your user name: Karl Wick
- Four tildes give your user name plus date/time: Karl Wick 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)
- Five tildes gives the date/time alone: 07:46, 27 November 2005 (UTC)

You should "sign" your comments 
on talk pages: <br>
- Three tildes gives your user
name: ~~~ <br>
- Four tildes give your user 
name plus date/time: ~~~~ <br>
- Five tildes gives the 
date/time alone: ~~~~~ <br>

HTML tags Edit

You can use some HTML tags too. For a list of HTML tags that are allowed, see HTML in wikitext. However, you should avoid HTML in favor of Wiki markup whenever possible.


What it looks like What you type

Put text in a typewriter font. The same font is generally used for computer code.

Put text in a <tt>typewriter
font</tt>. The same font is 
generally used for <code>
computer code</code>.

Strike out or underline text, or write it in small caps.

<strike>Strike out</strike>
or <u>underline</u> text,
or write it <span style=
"font-variant:small-caps">
in small caps</span>.

Superscripts and subscripts: X2, H2O

Superscripts and subscripts:
X<sup>2</sup>, H<sub>2</sub>O
Centered text
  • Please note the American spelling of "center".
<center>Centered text</center>

The blockquote command will indent both margins when needed instead of the left margin only as the colon does.

<blockquote>
The '''blockquote''' command will indent 
both margins when needed instead of the 
left margin only as the colon does.  
</blockquote>

Invisible comments to editors (<!-- -->) only appear while editing the page.

  • If you wish to make comments to the public, you should usually use the talk page.
Invisible comments to editors (&lt;!-- --&gt;)
only appear while editing the page.
<!-- Note to editors: blah blah blah. -->

Organizing your writing Edit

What it looks like What you type
Section headings

Headings organize your writing into sections. The Wiki software can automatically generate a table of contents from them.

Subsection

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

A smaller subsection

Don't skip levels, like from two to four equals signs.

Start with 2 equals signs not 1 because 1 creates H1 tags which should be reserved for page title.

== Section headings ==

''Headings'' organize your writing into 
sections. The Wiki software can automatically 
generate a table of contents from them.

=== Subsection ===

Using more equals signs creates a subsection.

==== A smaller subsection ====

Don't skip levels, 
like from two to four equals signs.

Start with 2 equals signs not 1 
because 1 creates H1 tags
which should be reserved for page title.
  • Unordered lists are easy to do:
    • Start every line with a star.
      • More stars indicate a deeper level.
    Previous item continues.
    • A newline
  • in a list

marks the end of the list.

  • Of course you can start again.
* ''Unordered lists'' are easy to do:
** Start every line with a star.
*** More stars indicate a deeper level.
*: Previous item continues.
** A newline
* in a list  
marks the end of the list.
* Of course you can start again.
  1. Numbered lists are:
    1. Very organized
    2. Easy to follow

A newline marks the end of the list.

  1. New numbering starts with 1.
# ''Numbered lists'' are:
## Very organized
## Easy to follow
A newline marks the end of the list.
# New numbering starts with 1.

Here's a definition list:

Word 
Definition of the word
A longer phrase needing definition
Phrase defined
A word 
Which has a definition
Also a second one
And even a third

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line; a newline can appear before the colon, but using a space before the colon improves parsing.

Here's a ''definition list'':
; Word : Definition of the word
; A longer phrase needing definition
: Phrase defined
; A word : Which has a definition
: Also a second one
: And even a third

Begin with a semicolon. One item per line; 
a newline can appear before the colon, but 
using a space before the colon improves 
parsing.
  • You can even do mixed lists
    1. and nest them
    2. inside each other
      • or break lines
        in lists.
      definition lists
      can be
      nested 
      too
* You can even do mixed lists
*# and nest them
*# inside each other
*#* or break lines<br>in lists.
*#; definition lists
*#: can be 
*#:; nested : too
A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.

A newline starts a new paragraph.
Often used for discussion on talk pages.

We use 1 colon to indent once.
We use 2 colons to indent twice.
3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.
: A colon (:) indents a line or paragraph.
A newline starts a new paragraph. <br>
Often used for discussion on talk pages.
: We use 1 colon to indent once.
:: We use 2 colons to indent twice.
::: 3 colons to indent 3 times, and so on.

You can make horizontal dividing lines (----) to separate text.


But you should usually use sections instead, so that they go in the table of contents.

You can make horizontal dividing lines (----)
to separate text.
----
But you should usually use sections instead,
so that they go in the table of contents.

You can add footnotes to sentences using the ref tag -- this is especially good for citing a source.

There are over six billion people in the world.[1]
References:
  1. CIA World Factbook, 2006.

For details, see Wikipedia:Footnotes and Help:Footnotes.

You can add footnotes to sentences using
the ''ref'' tag -- this is especially good
for citing a source.

:There are over six billion people in the
world.<ref>CIA World Factbook, 2006.</ref>

References: <references/>

For details, see [[Wikipedia:Footnotes]]
and [[Help:Footnotes]].

Links Edit

You will often want to make clickable links to other pages.

What it looks like What you type

Here's a link to a page named Official position. You can even say Official positions and the link will show up correctly.

Here's a link to a page named [[Official position]].
You can even say [[Official position]]s
and the link will show up correctly.

You can put formatting around a link. Example: Wikipedia.

You can put formatting around a link.
Example: ''[[Wikipedia]]''.

The first letter of articles is automatically capitalized, so wikipedia goes to the same place as Wikipedia. Capitalization matters after the first letter.

The ''first letter'' of articles is automatically
capitalized, so [[wikipedia]] goes to the same place
as [[Wikipedia]]. Capitalization matters after the
first letter.

The weather in Moscow is a page that doesn't exist yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.

[[The weather in Moscow]] is a page that doesn't exist
yet. You could create it by clicking on the link.

You can link to a page section by its title:

If multiple sections have the same title, add a number. #Example section 3 goes to the third section named "Example section".

You can link to a page section by its title:

*[[List of cities by country#Morocco]].

If multiple sections have the same title, add
a number. [[#Example section 3]] goes to the
third section named "Example section".

You can make a link point to a different place with a piped link. Put the link target first, then the pipe character "|", then the link text.

Or you can use the "pipe trick" so that text in brackets does not appear.

You can make a link point to a different place
with a [[Help:Piped link|piped link]]. Put the link
target first, then the pipe character "|", then
the link text.

*[[Help:Link|About Links]]
*[[List of cities by country#Morocco|
Cities in Morocco]]

Or you can use the "pipe trick" so that text in
brackets does not appear. 

*[[Spinning (textiles)|]]

You can make an external link just by typing a URL: http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title: Nupedia

Or leave the title blank: [1]

You can make an external link just by typing a URL:
http://www.nupedia.com

You can give it a title:
[http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]

Or leave the title blank:
[http://www.nupedia.com]

Linking to an e-mail address works the same way: mailto:someone@domain.com or someone

Linking to an e-mail address works the same way:
mailto:someone@domain.com or 
[mailto:someone@domain.com someone]

You can redirect the user to another page.

#REDIRECT [[Official position]]

Category links do not show up in line but instead at page bottom and cause the page to be listed in the category.

Add an extra colon to link to a category in line without causing the page to be listed in the category: Category:English documentation

[[Help:Category|Category links]] do not show up in line
but instead at page bottom ''and cause the page to be
listed in the category.''
[[Category:English documentation]]

Add an extra colon to ''link'' to a category in line
without causing the page to be listed in the category:
[[:Category:English documentation]]

The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's date preferences. These three dates will show up the same if you choose a format in your Preferences:

The Wiki reformats linked dates to match the reader's
date preferences. These three dates will show up the
same if you choose a format in your
[[Special:Preferences|]]:
* [[July 20]], [[1969]]
* [[20 July]] [[1969]]
* [[1969]]-[[07-20]]

Just show what I typedEdit

See also Help:Wiki markup examples#Just show what I typed.

A few different kinds of formatting will tell the Wiki to display things as you typed them.

What it looks like What you type

The nowiki tag ignores [[Wiki]] ''markup''. It reformats text by removing newlines and multiple spaces. It still interprets special characters: →

<nowiki>
The nowiki tag ignores 
[[Wiki]] ''markup''.
It reformats text by 
removing
newlines    and multiple
 spaces.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</nowiki>
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]]
 ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat
 text.
It still interprets special
characters: →
<pre>
The pre tag ignores [[Wiki]]
 ''markup''.
It also doesn't     reformat
 text.
It still interprets special
characters: &rarr;
</pre>

Leading spaces are another way to preserve formatting.

Putting a space at the
beginning of each
line stops the text   
from being
reformatted.  It still 
interprets Wiki
markup and special
characters: →
Leading spaces are another way
to preserve formatting.

 Putting a space at the
 beginning of each
 line stops the text   
 from being
 reformatted.  It still 
 interprets [[Wiki]]
 ''markup'' and special
 characters: &rarr;

Images, tables, video, and soundsEdit

After uploading, just enter the filename, highlight it and press the "embedded image"-button of the edit_toolbar.

This will produce the sytax for uploading a file [[Image:filename.png]]

This is a very quick introduction. For more information, see:

What it looks like What you type

A picture, including alternate text:

Wiki

You can put the image in a frame with a caption:

Wiki

This Wiki's logo

A picture, including alternate text:

[[Image:Wiki.png|This Wiki's logo]]

The image in a frame with a caption:
[[Image:Wiki.png|frame|This Wiki's logo]]

A link to Wikipedia's page for the image: Image:Wiki.png

Or a link directly to the image itself: Media:Wiki.png

A link to Wikipedia's page for the image:
[[:Image:Wiki.png]]

Or a link directly to the image itself:
[[Media:Wiki.png]]

Use media: links to link directly to sounds or videos: A sound file

Use '''media:''' links to link 
directly to sounds or videos: 
[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|A sound file]]
This is
a table
{| border="1" cellspacing="0" 
cellpadding="5" align="center"
! This
! is
|- 
| a
| table
|-
|}

Mathematical formulas Edit

You can format mathematical formulas with TeX markup. See Help:Formula.

What it looks like What you type

$ \sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!} $

<math>\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n!}</math>

TemplatesEdit

Templates are segments of Wiki markup that are meant to be copied automatically ("transcluded") into a page. You add them by putting the template's name in {{double braces}}.

Some templates take parameters, as well, which you separate with the pipe character.

What it looks like What you type

Template:Transclusion demo

{{Transclusion demo}}

This template takes two parameters, and creates underlined text with a hover box for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

Template:H:title

Go to this page to see the H:title template itself: Template:Tl

This template takes two parameters, and
creates underlined text with a hover box
for many modern browsers supporting CSS:

{{H:title|This is the hover text|
Hover your mouse over this text}}

Go to this page to see the H:title template
itself: {{tl|H:title}}
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